Is free will an illusion? Determinist philosophers might think so. Ancient Greek thinkers Leucippus and Democritus were two of the first to theorise that all processes in the world were due to a mechanical interplay at an atomic level, precluding the idea of human beings exercising any kind of free will in a universe operated by deterministic forces.
Aristotle, however, stated that we have the power to do or not to do, and free will can exist when we are aware of the particular circumstances of our actions. However, he still left unanswered the question of defining the choices we make based on causes outside of our control.continue reading